Yemini child polio vaccination Mohammed Huwais/Stringer

Resiko Penyakit Menular yang Belum Diperhitungkan

NEW YORK – Perhatian para pemimpin bisnis dan investor global biasanya terpaku pada dua jenis resiko: makroekonomi dan geopolitik. Dalam jangka pendek, hal ini berarti fokus pada akan naiknya suku bunga Bank Sentral Amerika dan pemilu yang akan diselenggarakan di Perancis dan Jerman. Sedangkan dalam jangka panjang, hal ini berarti kesadaran akan resiko struktural seperti besarnya hutang negara, perubahan demografi, dan kelangkaan sumber daya alam. Namun masih ada resiko lain, dan bisa dibilang lebih penting, namun tidak terlalu diperhatikan oleh para pembuat keputusan, yaitu: penyakit menular.  

Menurut mantan direktur Pusat Pengedalian dan Pencegahan Penyakit Amerika, Tom Frieden, dunia berada dalam ancaman kesehatan tertinggi yang pernah terjadi. Orang-orang bepergian ke daerah-daerah yang lebih jauh dan dalam frekuensi yang lebih tinggi. Rantai pasokan, termasuk untuk makanan dan obat-obatan, tersebar di seluruh dunia. Misalnya saja kasus tuberkolosis yang tidak diobati dengan baik di Asia atau Afrika bisa saja muncul di sebuah rumah sakit di Amerika dalam jangka waktu beberapa hari saja.   

Oleh karena itu, para ilmuwan mengkhawatirkan adanya kenaikan penyakit-penyakit epidemi seperti Zika, Ebola dan flu burung. Dan mereka juga terkejut dengan kembali munculnya penyakit mematikan seperti influenza, HIV, malaria, dan tuberkulosis. 

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