Iron ore mine Pierre-Henry DESHAYES:AFP:Getty images

矿业的绿化

伦敦—特朗普成为美国总统让矿业——特别是煤炭业——成为去年的热点政治话题。6月,在其第一次白宫内阁会议期间,特朗普提出他的的能源政策要让矿工们恢复工作,并给这个经济中陷入麻烦的部门带来转变

但特朗普错误地认为,支持矿工的事业、尊重一个陷入困境的职业便足以让矿业变得可持续。要想实现这个目标,必须考虑更加复杂的一系列相互依存关系。

关于矿业和环境的争论,常常集中在开采资源和将其他资源引入开采过程之间的“联系”(nexus)上。我参与编辑的即将出版的《劳特利奇资源联系手册》(Routledge Handbook of the Resource Nexus)将“联系”一词定义为两种或多种自然形成、作为服务人类的系统的投入品的材料之间的关系。在煤炭的例子中,“联系”发生在石头和开采石头所需要的巨量的水和能量之间。

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