Paul Lachine

理智战胜市场

米兰——

自二战结束以来的66年里,实际上所有中央集权的计划经济都消失了,主要原因是低效和低增长。如今,市场、价格信号、分散管理、刺激措施以及回报驱动的投资几乎是各地资源分配的特征。

这并不是因为市场在道德上更胜一筹,尽管市场需要自由选择才能有效运行。与其他工具相比,市场工具在刺激措施、效率和创新方面正好拥有巨大的优势。但是市场并不完美,当面临外部影响(个人行动所带来的无法计价的后果——比如,空气污染)、信息差距和不对称性以及协调问题(当有多项平衡,一些平衡比另一些平衡更重要时)时,市场就会表现不佳。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

To continue reading, please log in or register now. After entering your email, you'll have access to two free articles every month. For unlimited access to Project Syndicate, subscribe now.

required

By proceeding, you are agreeing to our Terms and Conditions.

Log in

http://prosyn.org/JOxmTJs/zh;

Cookies and Privacy

We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. To find out more, read our updated cookie policy and privacy policy.