Migrants in Croatia Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images

Будущее регулирование миграции

ДАККА – Мы живем в быстро развивающемся, гипер-взаимосвязанном мире, где товары, капитал и люди более мобильны, чем когда-либо прежде. Но, в то время как страны проявили готовность к сотрудничеству по обмену товаром и капиталом, международное сообщество проявило небольшой интерес к улучшению способа урегулирования мобильности людей.

После широкомасштабного преследования и перемещения людей во время Второй Мировой Войны, мировые лидеры сделали смелый шаг к разработке Конвенции о статусе беженцев 1951 года. При этом они отказались от меры национального суверенитета – приняв принцип невыдачи – в целях содействия глобальной солидарности по отношению к беженцам.

С другой стороны, руководство стран рассматривало миграцию как нечто временное, чем можно было бы управлять, по мере поступления, посредством односторонних или двусторонних соглашений, в основном предназначенных для удовлетворения конкретного рынка труда в странах с развитой экономикой. Оглядываясь назад, теперь ясно, что этот подход был недостаточным для борьбы с повышением человеческой мобильности, которая пришла вместе с глобальной и региональной экономической интеграцией.

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