Migrants in Croatia Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images

移民治理的未来

达卡—我们生活在一个日新月异的高度互联的世界中,商品、资本和人力的流动性前所未有。但是,尽管各国表现出合作交换商品和资本的意愿,但国际社会对于改善其人力流动治理状况似乎没有多少兴趣。

二战中出现了大规模的迫害和驱逐,二战结束后,世界领导人采取了果断措施,起草了1951年难民公约。如此,为了推进难民问题上的全球团结,他们放弃了一项国家主权——接受了不驱离原则。

另一方面,国家领导人视难民为临时性居民,可以通过主要为了满足发达经济体的具体劳动力市场需要而制定的单边或双边协定,用权宜之计来管理。事后看来,显然如今这一方针以不足以应对伴随全球和地区经济一体化而生的人力流动性的激增。

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