newborn John Wessels/AFP/Getty Images

Hebammen bringen Leben zur Welt

TORONTO – Im Bereich der Mütter- und Kindergesundheit hat es in den letzten Jahrzehnten gewaltige Fortschritte gegeben. Seit 1990 ist die Zahl der vermeidbaren Todesfälle von Kindern um 50% gesunken und die Müttersterblichkeit ist um 45% zurückgegangen. Aber es gibt immer noch viel zu viele Frauen und Neugeborene, die an Ursachen sterben, die vermeidbar wären. Viele dieser Leben könnten gerettet werden, wenn es Zugang zu qualifizierten Hebammen gäbe.

Im Durchschnitt sterben immer noch eine Million Kinder pro Jahr an ihrem ersten Lebenstag; über eine Million Babys werden tot geboren und über 300.000 Mütter sterben während der Schwangerschaft und bei der Geburt – die Zahl der Todesopfer ist größer als die gesamte Bevölkerung Namibias. Die Mehrheit dieser Todesfälle – 56%, um genau zu sein – ist vermeidbar.

Wenn alle Frauen während der Schwangerschaft und bei der Geburt Zugang zu einer Hebamme hätten – ganz zu schweigen von Einrichtungen, die so ausgestattet sind, dass im Notfall eine medizinische Grundversorgung geleistet werden kann – würde jährlich eine Million Leben gerettet. Und trotzdem wird die Versorgung durch Hebammen von Regierungen und Gemeinden auf aller Welt immer noch vernachlässigt und ist chronisch unterfinanziert.

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