Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

滋润中东

费斯—联合国世界水发展报告确认了一件众所周知的事:数十万中东和北非(MENA)人,特别是阿尔及利亚、约旦、利比亚、摩洛哥、巴勒斯坦、苏丹、叙利亚和也门人,在2016年遭遇到几十年来最严重的水短缺。这是努力迈向经济增长和多元化之路的中东地区最糟糕的事情。

多重因素造成了当前的局面,包括气候变化、沙漠化、水污染以及自然资源的使用不当。信息、教育和通讯不充分加剧了其中许多问题,因为这造成对环境友好行为缺乏了解——更不用说努力行动了。此外,灾难风险消除和政府管理也存在不足——许多政府忙于应对冲突和危机——所有这些导致局面积重难返。

比如,阿尔及利亚经历了五十年来最严重的干旱。由于基础设施落后,该国大部分农业严重依靠降雨,结果今年谷物产量下降了40%。尽管阿尔及利亚拥有巨大的石油和天然气财富,但仍无法确保人民获得足够的平价水资源,更不用说充分就业了。结果,阿尔及利亚现在到处是群众示威。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/87V5Go8/zh;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now