Anadolu Agency/ Getty Images

阿拉伯世界的水危机

柏林—阿拉伯地区是世界上水资源最稀缺的地方。该地区也是世界上大部分水资源最贫乏国家或领地所在地,包括巴林、吉布提、加沙、约旦、科威特、利比亚、卡塔尔、沙特阿拉伯和阿联酋。水短缺因为人口爆炸、自然生态系统的枯竭和退化以及民怨而越发加剧,给这些国家的未来蒙上了一层阴影。

阿拉伯地区面临着诸多挑战。许多阿拉伯国家是分割殖民势力的产物,因此不存在有凝聚力的历史身份,国家结构也常常缺少根基。除此之外还面临着内忧外患——包括伊斯兰主义兴起、内战和人口大规模逃离冲突区——一些阿拉伯国家的未来面临不确定性。

很少有人注意到的是水稀缺在这一暴力循环中所起的作用。阿拉伯之春起义的一个关键触发因素是食品价格上涨,这直接与该地区水危机恶化有关。水也助长了国家间的紧张。比如,沙特阿拉伯和约旦正在进行一场从两国共享的al-Disi含水层取水的沉默的竞赛。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/2Er0ePs/zh;
  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.