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Jatuh Bangun Sistem Kesehatan di Timur Tengah

SEATTLE – Banyak kemajuan yang diraih negara-negara Arab di Timur Tengah dan Afrika Utara dalam beberapa dekade terakhir justru mengalami kemunduran akibat keresahan politik dan perang saudara yang marak di kawasan tersebut. Kemunduran ini terutama tampak jelas di sistem kesehatan di sejumlah negara seperti Mesir, Yordania, Libya, Suriah, Tunisia, dan Yaman, yang secara perlahan sudah membaik.

Sebelum tahun 2010, negara-negara tersebut menunjukkan kenaikan angka harapan hidup serta penurunan beban penyakit menular dan kematian ibu. Namun sayangnya sekarang ini gangguan terhadap sistem kesehatan nasional semakin menambah penderitaan dan kesengsaraan yang muncul akibat konflik yang melanda kawasan.

Temuan ini diperoleh dari studi terbaru yang saya rumuskan untuk The Lancet, yang menganalisis data dari Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 untuk menentukan efek kemunduran sistem kesehatan di negara-negara Mediterania Timur.

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