Повестка дня для изменения климата накаляется

ЛОНДОН – В этом году для многих людей во всем мире погода стала совсем не темой для светской беседы. Тайфун Хайянь на Филиппинах, рекордные похолодания Америки, годовая засуха в Калифорнии и наводнения в Европе напомнили нам о долгосрочных опасностях изменения климата и вернули их обратно в политическую повестку дня. В ответ на происходящее, Генеральный секретарь ООН Пан Ги Мун направил срочное письмо государствам, бизнесам, гражданским обществам и финансовым лидерам, призывая их участие в специальном климатическом саммите в Нью-Йорке в сентябре.

Мероприятие будет первой встречей мировых лидеров для обсуждения глобального потепления со времен рокового климатического саммита ООН в Копенгагене в 2009 году. На фоне высоких ожиданий - и последующих обвинений - этой конференции не удалось достичь всеобъемлющего, юридически обязательного соглашения по сокращению выбросов парниковых газов. Поэтому, на сентябрьском саммите лидерам будет предложено «перезагрузить» дипломатический процесс. Целью будет новое соглашение на 2015 год, которое предотвратит рост средних глобальных температур на два градуса Цельсия: тот уровень, который международное сообщество сочло «опасным» для населения.

На первый взгляд, это может показаться трудной задачей. Со времен саммита в Копенгагене, изменение климата соскользнуло с глобальной повестки дня, так как восстановление экономического роста, обеспокоенность избирателей рабочими местами и уровнем жизни, а также враждебные конфликты в ключевых точках мира имели приоритет.

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