荷兰治疗荷兰病

斯坦福——能在灾难来临前控制住臃肿福利国家的政府少之又少。结果部分民众因此遭到经济心脏病的打击:作为不可持续福利计划最后阶段的受害者,他们的生活水平大幅降低。希腊和底特律市不过是近期最残酷的例子。

挥霍的政府、繁冗的法规及苛刻的税收等有毒组合造成经济增长缓慢、收入原地踏步,更多民众因此而蒙受损失。欧洲多数国家均已陷入经济停滞。

但偶尔也有政府从福利国家的紊乱状态中成功脱身的例子。加拿大20世纪90年代削减开支占GDP的8%以上,而美国则从20世纪80年代中期开始削减占GDP5%的非军事开支——中左翼和中右翼政府在这个问题上达成了共识。

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