México arde

CIUDAD DE MÉXICO – La ultima vez en que México experimentó una crisis política más grave que la de hoy fue en 1994, cuando un grupo de guerrilleros llamados zapatistas llevaron a cabo un levantamiento semiarmado en el Estado meridional de Chiapas. El sucesor del Presidente, elegido a dedo, fue asesinado y, como si eso no fuera bastante, el valor del peso se había desplomado casi un 70 por ciento. La crisis actual no es tan grave, pero se le aproxima.

En diciembre de 2012, el Presidente Enriqe Peña Nieto tomó posesión de su cargo en circunstancias no halagüeñas. Fue elegido con tan sólo el 38 por ciento de los votos, sin mayoría en ninguna de las cámaras del Congreso y con el control por la oposición de la Ciudad de México, la capital. El candidato que le siguió en votos, el dirigente de la oposición Andrés Manuel López Obrador, impugnó los resultados de la elección.

Peña Nieto afrontaba dificultades graves. Su Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI) había gobernado a México durante 70 años, hasta que fue desalojado del poder en 2000. Una gran mayoría de los votantes mexicanos seguían sospechando de su corrupción, autoritarismo e incompetencia económica. El predecesor de Peña Nieto, Felipe Calderón, le había legado una guerra contra las drogas que ya había causado más de 60.000 muertes; al menos otros 22.000 mexicanos estaban desaparecidos.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in

  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now