المكسيك تحترق

مكسيكو سيتي ــ كانت المرة الأخيرة التي شهدت فيها المكسيك أزمة سياسية أشد خطورة من تلك التي تمر بها اليوم في عام 1994، عندما نظمت مجموعة تتألف مما يسمى حزب زاباتيستا انتفاضة شبه مسلحة في ولاية تشياباس الجنوبية. وقد اغتيل خليفة الرئيس المنتقى. وكأن ذلك لم يكن كافيا، فقد هبطت أيضاً قيمة البيزو بنحو 70%. والواقع أن أزمة اليوم ليست سيئة إلى هذا الحد، ولكنها تقترب من ذلك القدر من السوء بمرور الوقت.

في ديسمبر/كانون الأول من عام 2012، تولى الرئيس أنيركي بينيا نييتو المنصب في ظل ظروف مشؤومة. فقد انتُخِب بنحو 38% فقط من الأصوات، ومن دون أغلبية في أي من مجلسي الكونجرس، ومع سيطرة المعارضة على مكسيكو سيتي عاصمة البلاد. كما طَعَن المتسابق الرئاسي الثاني وزعيم المعارضة أندريس مانويل لوبيز أوبرادور في نتائج الانتخابات.

وقد واجه بينيا نييتو تحديات خطيرة. فقد حكم حزبه الثوري المؤسسي المكسيك لمدة سبعين عاما، إلى أن خرج من السلطة في هزيمة ساحقة في عام 2000. كما استمرت غالبية كبيرة من الناخبين المكسيكيين في التشكك في فساده واستبداده وعدم كفاءته. لقد ورث بينيا نييتو عن سلفه فيليبي كالديرون حرباً على المخدرات أسفرت بالفعل عن ستين ألف وفاة؛ فضلاً عن 22 ألف مكسيكي آخرين أصبحوا في عداد المفقودين.

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