Junior Kannah/AFP/Getty Images

Простые подходы к устойчивому развитию

БУДАПЕШТ – Начальное школьное образование для всех детей, рабочие места для всех взрослых, победа над голодом и бедностью – вот некоторые из утверждённых ООН «Целей устойчивого развития» до 2030 года. Цели благородные, но очень дорогие. Можем ли мы реально всё это себе позволить?

По оценкам ОЭСР, для достижения всех 17 целей устойчивого развития, включающих 169 конкретных задач, потребуется $3,3-4,5 триллионов ежегодно. Это почти равно федеральному бюджету США на 2016 год и намного больше, чем примерно $132 млрд, которые были потрачены в прошлом году на программы международного развития во всём мире.

Одно только обеспечение всеобщего начального образования требует, по меньшей мере, $17 млрд дополнительных расходов в год. По оценкам межправительственного комитета Генеральной Ассамблеи ООН, для ликвидации бедности необходимо ежегодно инвестировать в инфраструктуру $5-7 трлн во всём мире. Эти оценки варьируются, потому что никто не знает точно, какой в реальности будет цена «Целей устойчивого развития».

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