Junior Kannah/AFP/Getty Images

Jasné cesty k udržitelnému rozvoji

BUDAPEŠŤ – K záměrům Cílů udržitelného rozvoje OSN do roku 2030 patří základní školní docházka pro všechny děti, práce pro všechny dospělé a ukončení hladovění a chudoby. To jsou vznešené aspirace – ale velmi nákladné. Skutečně si je můžeme všechny dovolit?

OECD odhaduje, že splnění všech 17 CUR, které se skládají ze 169 konkrétních rozvojových met, by stálo 3,3-4,5 bilionu dolarů ročně – to se zhruba rovná výši letošního federálního rozpočtu Spojených států a dalece převyšuje téměř 132 miliard dolarů, které byly loni celosvětově vynaloženy na zahraniční rozvojovou pomoc.

Jen zajištění všeobecného základního vzdělávání by vyžadovalo přinejmenším 17 miliard dolarů dodatečných výdajů ročně a mezivládní komise Valného shromáždění OSN odhaduje, že k vykořenění chudoby by celosvětově byly nutné roční investice do infrastruktury ve výši 5-7 bilionů dolarů. Pravda, odhady se různí, protože si nikdo není úplně jistý, kolik budou CUR stát.

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