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Economistas versus la economía

LONDRES – Seamos honestos: nadie sabe qué está sucediendo en la economía mundial hoy. La recuperación del colapso de 2008 ha sido inesperadamente lenta. ¿Estamos en el sendero hacia una salud plena, o atrapados en un "estancamiento secular"? ¿La globalización está llegando o se está yendo?

Los responsables de las políticas no saben qué hacer. Accionan las palancas habituales (y no tan habituales) y no pasa nada. Se suponía que el alivio cuantitativo iba a llevar la inflación "nuevamente al objetivo". No fue así. Se suponía que la contracción fiscal iba a restablecer la confianza. No fue así. A comienzos de este mes, Mark Carney, gobernador del Banco de Inglaterra, ofreció un discurso titulado "El espectro del monetarismo". Por supuesto, ¡se suponía que el monetarismo iba a salvarnos del espectro del keynesianismo!

Prácticamente sin herramientas macroeconómicas utilizables, la postura por omisión es la "reforma estructural". Pero nadie se pone de acuerdo en lo que esto conlleva. Mientras tanto, líderes alocados agitan a los votantes descontentos. Las economías, parece ser, han logrado zafar del control de quienes supuestamente tenían que administrarlas, y la política está en una persecución implacable.

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