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Экономисты против экономики

ЛОНДОН – Давайте честно: никто не понимает, что сегодня происходит в мировой экономике. Восстановление после краха 2008 года неожиданно оказалось очень медленным. Находимся ли мы на пути к полному выздоровлению или же увязли в «вековой стагнации»? Глобализация остаётся или уходит?

Власти не знают, что делать. Они давят на обычные (и необычные) рычаги, но ничего не происходит. Количественное смягчение должно было вернуть инфляцию «на целевой уровень». Но этого не произошло. Бюджетное сжатие должно было восстановить уверенность. Но этого не произошло. В начале декабря Марк Карни, управляющий Банком Англии, выступил с речью, которая называлась «Призрак монетаризма». Ну конечно, монетаризм должен был спасти нас от призрака кейнсианизма!

Поскольку никаких применимых макроэкономических инструментов больше фактически не осталось, общим местом стали разговоры о «структурных реформы». Но по вопросу о том, что именно это означает, согласия тоже нет. Между тем, полоумные лидеры возбуждают недовольных избирателей. Похоже, что экономика уже вырвалась из рук тех, кто должен был её управлять, а теперь за нею следует политика.

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