V Uruguaji vstal marxismus z mrtvých

MONTEVIDEO: Soudruzi a jiní caudillos celé latinské Ameriky jsou prý dnes na skládce dějin. Jedině Kuba odolává demokratickým a tržně ekonomickým snahám zbytku kontinentu. Marx ovšem není zdaleka mrtev, a o to méně v Uruguaji a dost možná i leckde jinde. Jorge Batlle, od 1. března nový prezident, to musí mít neustále na paměti.

V prvním kole loňských prezidentských voleb zvítězil s převahou Tabaré Vázquez, charismatický předák levice, a to i přesto, že nezískal dostatek hlasů k tomu, aby se nemuselo konat druhé, rozhodující, kolo voleb. Celá země byla v napjatém očekávání. Jorge Batlle, představitel v poslední době nejvlivnější strany Colorado, potřeboval masivní podporu konkurenční strany Blanco; jen tak by totiž Vázqueze mohl přemoci. Vzhledem ke sporům mezi oběma stranami, které se táhnou už sto padesát let, byla pravděpodobnost jakékoli podpory zhruba stejně vysoká jako možnost, že by Kapuleti kdy spasili Monteky.

“Červení” a “bílí” se příslušníkům těchto dvou stran říká podle barevných stuh, které ve třicátých letech minulého století nosili na kloboucích; původně proto, aby se spolustraníci navzájem nepostříleli. Dnes Colorados a Blancos rozdělují jen minimální ideologické odlišnosti. Budou ale schopni zapomenout na staré sváry? To nikdo nevěděl. Průzkumy veřejného mínění hovořily o nerozhodných výsledcích.

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