Baltimore Streetcar Museum Alexander Rabb/Flickr

Инфраструктурное решение

ТОРОНТО – «Инфраструктура, как следует из самой природы этого слова, ‑ сказала бывший госсекретарь США Мадлен Олбрайт в феврале 2013 года, ‑ является основой функционирования общества». И все же инфраструктура, возможно, была одним из забытых экономических вопросов двадцать первого века. Действительно, неспособность делать правильные инвестиции в инфраструктуру подпортила потенциал многих стран к повышению экономического роста и занятости.

Хотя дебаты об инфраструктуре имеют тенденцию сосредотачиваться на необходимости больших средств и более креативного финансирования, реальная проблема заключается вовсе не в недостаточных объемах инвестиций. Скорее, построенная среда обитания ухудшается в результате фрагментированного подхода к планированию инфраструктуры, финансов, реализации и эксплуатации, в котором основной упор делается на стоимость, класс активов и географическое положение.

Разработка нового подхода – основанного на широкой, системной точке зрения – должна стать главным приоритетом для тех, кто обладает возможностью вносить изменения, в том числе для руководителей и высокопоставленных чиновников. То есть именно то, к чему стремится Инфраструктурная инициатива университета McKinsey, второе заседание которой проходило в Рио-де-Жанейро в прошлом месяце, через содействие практическим глобальным решениям, которые направлены на повышение производительности и эффективности всех аспектов инфраструктуры.

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