Экономика вырастет в 2014?

КЭМБРИДЖ – В течение последних шести лет я относился скептически к стандартным оптимистичным прогнозам темпов экономического роста США в предстоящем году. Где большинство прогнозистов и политических чиновников видели зеленые ростки и причины для оптимизма, я видел сильные встречные ветры, которые могут вызвать экономический спад, а затем медленное, поэтапное восстановление.

Но я думаю, что показатели для 2014 года более сбалансированы. Хотя есть и серьезные риски, с которыми встретится американская экономика в наступающем году, есть также и хорошие шансы того, что рост будет существенно сильнее, чем он был когда либо до начала рецессии.

Экономика по-прежнему росла в конце лета 2007 года, когда я говорил на ежегодной конференции Федеральной резервной системы США в Джексон Хоуле, о серьезных рисках для экономических перспектив. Я предупреждал, что цены на жилье начали падать летом 2006 года от опасных высоких уровней, что может привести в будущем к краху строительной деятельности и большим потерям в ценности имущества у домохозяйств и частников. Снижение благосостояния домохозяйств приведет, в свою очередь, к снижению потребительских расходов, что далее снизит ВВП.

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