Здоровый путь к китайскому росту потребительских расходов

КЭМБРИДЖ – Экономики Китая хотят отвести производство в стране от экспорта и тяжелой промышленности, а также увеличить долю потребительских расходов в ВВП. Относительно простое институциональное изменение для поощрения медицинского страхования может помочь продвижению в последней задаче.

Более высокий уровень потребительских расходов повысит стандарт жизни у средней китайской семьи, а это первичный компонент того, что китайские лидеры сейчас называют «китайской мечтой». Более быстрый рост потребительских расходов также обернет недавнее замедление роста ВВП, обеспечивая тот дополнительный спрос, которой необходим для создания рабочих мест миллионам китайцев, которые уходят от сельского хозяйства и миллионам других, которые оканчивают ВУЗы страны.

Потребительские расходы в Китае в настоящее время составляют лишь 36% ВВП, около половины той доли, которую составляет потребление в ВВП у Соединенных Штатов и ​​Западной Европы. Этот удивительно низкий уровень отражает небольшую долю доходов домохозяйств в общем объеме ВВП и высокий уровень сбережений домашних хозяйств.

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