Темная Сторона Физики

ПАСАДЕНА – Почти сто лет назад была обнаружена первая галактика, за нашей собственной галактикой, и в течение десятилетия впервые была предложена теория, что Вселенная расширяется. С тех пор, поразительные технологические разработки способствовали революционному прогрессу в области физики, астрономии, космологии и науках о жизни.

Сегодня, физика стоит на новом пороге. 4 июля 2012 года, международное сообщество по физике стало свидетелем монументального открытия в истории физики высоких энергии: бозон Хиггса. Давно предложенная гипотеза бозона Хиггса является необходимым компонентом, который утверждает Стандартную модель элементарных частиц, как “модель” реальной вселенной. Бозон Хиггса предоставляет собой массу этих частиц; без него, физический мир, как мы его понимаем, не имел бы атомов, химии или жизни.

Найти то, что было, до тех пор, необходимое теоретическое предсказание требовало одну из крупнейших и наиболее сложных научных попыток, которые когда-либо предпринимались: создание ускорителя частиц, Большой Адронный Коллайдер, недалеко от Женевы. Исследования, проведенные у БАКа теперь, вероятно, направят наше понимание Вселенной от мельчайших элементарных частиц до нашего исследования космологии. С 2010 по 2012 года, БАК произвел самые большие протон-протонные столкновения высоких энергий, когда-либо существовавших; и ожидаются столкновения еще более высоких энергий в 2015 году.

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  1. Television sets showing a news report on Xi Jinping's speech Anthony Wallace/Getty Images

    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

    China’s success in the next five years will depend largely on how well the government manages the tensions underlying its complex agenda. In particular, China’s leaders will need to balance a muscular Communist Party, setting standards and protecting the public interest, with an empowered market, driving the economy into the future.

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    Rage Against the Elites

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    Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

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