trump saudi arabia Mandel Ngan/AFP/Getty Images

报复式恐怖主义年代

新德里—我们知道,世界列强会或明或暗地干预颠覆他国政府,扶持傀儡政权,甚至不惜通过军事行动。但是,短期看来更好的策略,常常带来灾难性的意外后果,干预导致国家分裂,陷入冲突,而干预的大国被当成暴力的目标。这一因果链在今天触目惊心,涉足中东的国家面临恐怖袭击的激增。

上个月,22岁、在英国出生的利比亚难民之子阿贝迪(Salman Ramadan Abedi)在美国流行歌星阿利亚纳·格兰德(Ariana Grade)的英国曼彻斯特演唱会现场引爆自杀式袭击的炸弹。这场爆炸式英国十多年来最严重的恐怖袭击——它只能认为是对英国及其盟友在利比亚的所作所为的报复。外部干预导致利比亚沦为饱受战争摧残的恐怖分子避风港。

英国不但积极支持利比亚的圣战分子,它还鼓励外国战斗人员,包括英国籍利比亚人参加2011年由联合国领导的推翻卡扎菲政权的行动。这些战斗人员中就有阿贝迪的父亲、与基地组织有关联的利比亚伊斯兰战斗组织(Libyan Islamic Fighting Group)的老牌成员。该组织机要人员在卡扎菲执政期间纷纷被抓获被迫流亡。老阿贝迪六年前返回利比亚,与被称为的黎波里旅(Tripoli Brigade)的新成立的西方支持的军阀并肩战斗。他的儿子在曼彻斯特剧场袭击之前刚刚从利比亚回到英国。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/EXKhKSy/zh;
  1. Television sets showing a news report on Xi Jinping's speech Anthony Wallace/Getty Images

    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

    China’s success in the next five years will depend largely on how well the government manages the tensions underlying its complex agenda. In particular, China’s leaders will need to balance a muscular Communist Party, setting standards and protecting the public interest, with an empowered market, driving the economy into the future.

  2. United States Supreme Court Hisham Ibrahim/Getty Images

    The Sovereignty that Really Matters

    The preference of some countries to isolate themselves within their borders is anachronistic and self-defeating, but it would be a serious mistake for others, fearing contagion, to respond by imposing strict isolation. Even in states that have succumbed to reductionist discourses, much of the population has not.

  3.  The price of Euro and US dollars Daniel Leal Olivas/Getty Images

    Resurrecting Creditor Adjustment

    When the Bretton Woods Agreement was hashed out in 1944, it was agreed that countries with current-account deficits should be able to limit temporarily purchases of goods from countries running surpluses. In the ensuing 73 years, the so-called "scarce-currency clause" has been largely forgotten; but it may be time to bring it back.

  4. Leaders of the Russian Revolution in Red Square Keystone France/Getty Images

    Trump’s Republican Collaborators

    Republican leaders have a choice: they can either continue to collaborate with President Donald Trump, thereby courting disaster, or they can renounce him, finally putting their country’s democracy ahead of loyalty to their party tribe. They are hardly the first politicians to face such a decision.

  5. Angela Merkel, Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron John Thys/Getty Images

    How Money Could Unblock the Brexit Talks

    With talks on the UK's withdrawal from the EU stalled, negotiators should shift to the temporary “transition” Prime Minister Theresa May officially requested last month. Above all, the negotiators should focus immediately on the British budget contributions that will be required to make an orderly transition possible.

  6. Ksenia Sobchak Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    Is Vladimir Putin Losing His Grip?

    In recent decades, as President Vladimir Putin has entrenched his authority, Russia has seemed to be moving backward socially and economically. But while the Kremlin knows that it must reverse this trajectory, genuine reform would be incompatible with the kleptocratic character of Putin’s regime.

  7. Right-wing parties hold conference Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images

    Rage Against the Elites

    • With the advantage of hindsight, four recent books bring to bear diverse perspectives on the West’s current populist moment. 
    • Taken together, they help us to understand what that moment is and how it arrived, while reminding us that history is contingent, not inevitable


    Global Bookmark

    Distinguished thinkers review the world’s most important new books on politics, economics, and international affairs.

  8. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin Bill Clark/Getty Images

    Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

    As a part of their efforts to roll back the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, congressional Republicans have approved a measure that would have courts, rather than regulators, oversee megabank bankruptcies. It is now up to the Trump administration to decide if it wants to set the stage for a repeat of the Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008.