People swimming in Ganges Daniel Berehulak | getty images

Gérer la politique de l'eau

AMMAN – La Journée mondiale de l'eau, le 22 mars de cette année, offre l'occasion de mettre en évidence ce qui dans de nombreux pays est devenu une triste réalité : la disponibilité de l'eau douce est de plus en plus un facteur stratégique déterminant dans les affaires régionales et mondiales. Si les ressources en eau ne sont pas gérées avec un soin extraordinaire, les conséquences pourraient bien être dévastatrices.

L'an dernier, le rapport mondial des Nations Unies pour l'eau a une fois de plus souligné un écart croissant entre l'offre et la demande susceptible de provoquer des conflits. Le Forum Économique Mondial a caractérisé les crises de l'eau comme une menace mondiale plus inquiétante et plus dangereuse que les attaques terroristes ou les catastrophes financières. Ces crises ont également plus de chances de se produire que l'utilisation d'armes de destruction massive. Et une recherche menée par le Strategic Foresight Group a montré l'importance d'une gestion rationnelle : les pays engagés dans la gestion conjointe des ressources en eau ont très peu de chances d'entrer en guerre.

Le Moyen-Orient constitue un exemple tragique de ce qui peut se produire lorsque la coopération régionale fait défaut. L'Irak, la Syrie et la Turquie se sont battus pour chaque mètre cube des fleuves du Tigre et de l'Euphrate. Et tous ont été perdants dans ce conflit. Des acteurs non-gouvernementaux contrôlent des parties importantes des deux bassins versants. Et les pénuries d'eau ont aggravé la crise des réfugiés dans la région (qui est elle-même l'apothéose d'une mauvaise gouvernance).

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/jBB9Ltk/fr;
  1. Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    Angela Merkel’s Endgame?

    The collapse of coalition negotiations has left German Chancellor Angela Merkel facing a stark choice between forming a minority government or calling for a new election. But would a minority government necessarily be as bad as Germans have traditionally thought?

  2. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.

  3. A GrabBike rider uses his mobile phone Bay Ismoyo/Getty Images

    The Platform Economy

    While developed countries in Europe, North America, and Asia are rapidly aging, emerging economies are predominantly youthful. Nigerian, Indonesian, and Vietnamese young people will shape global work trends at an increasingly rapid pace, bringing to bear their experience in dynamic informal markets on a tech-enabled gig economy.

  4. Trump Mario Tama/Getty Images

    Profiles in Discouragement

    One day, the United States will turn the page on Donald Trump. But, as Americans prepare to observe their Thanksgiving holiday, they should reflect that their country's culture and global standing will never recover fully from the wounds that his presidency is inflicting on them.

  5. Mugabe kisses Grace JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images

    How Women Shape Coups

    In Zimbabwe, as in all coups, much behind-the-scenes plotting continues to take place in the aftermath of the military's overthrow of President Robert Mugabe. But who the eventual winners and losers are may depend, among other things, on the gender of the plotters.

  6. Oil barrels Ahmad Al-Rubaye/Getty Images

    The Abnormality of Oil

    At the 2017 Abu Dhabi Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, the consensus among industry executives was that oil prices will still be around $60 per barrel in November 2018. But there is evidence to suggest that the uptick in global growth and developments in Saudi Arabia will push the price as high as $80 in the meantime.

  7. Israeli soldier Menahem Kahana/Getty Images

    The Saudi Prince’s Dangerous War Games

    Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to consolidate power and establish his country as the Middle East’s only hegemon. But his efforts – which include an attempt to trigger a war between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon – increasingly look like the work of an immature gambler.