Управляя Землёй

В ближайшие двадцать лет отношения между человечеством и природой изменятся, основательно и бесповоротно. Изменение не будет внезапным, но нынешнее развитие наук делает его просто неизбежным. Нравится вам это или нет, готовы вы или нет, научное развитие заставляет нас стать скорее управляющими глобальной экосистемы, чем просто её участниками.

Я предпочитаю думать об этой грядущей революции c точки зрения истории. Более трёх с половиной миллионов лет существа, которых мы можем назвать "человеком", гуляли по Земле и были просто частью природы. Железные законы эволюции определяли их выживаемость, и слабые умирали молодыми и предавались забвению. Нашей защитой от враждебного мира были лишь примитивные каменные орудия и огонь - какая ни какая оборона.

Но потом, около 10000 лет назад, произошло нечто действительно необычное. Где-то в горах Таурус, которые сейчас находятся на территории Турции, группа людей, скорее всего женщин, начала развивать новые технологии, которые изменили сам способ общения человека с окружающим миром. Мы называем эти технологии "сельским хозяйством", оно впервые дало людям возможность выйти за рамки закона естественного отбора. Наши предки добились пищевой независимости от природы - они и сами могли вырастить куда больше пищи, чем могли бы взять из скудных кладовых природы.

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