Malnutrition in Liberia Carolyn Cole/Getty Images

营养不良的多张面孔

阿布贾—如果现在你碰巧正和其他两人坐在一起,那么很有可能你们中间有一个营养不良。而你可能根本不知道这一点。是的,就是这样:全世界有三分之一人存在营养不良,而营养不良往往看上去并不是你想象中的样子。

从超重的20亿成年人,到发育不良的1.59亿儿童,营养不良有各种形式。作为一名医生,我看到一些女性看似健康但身患贫血,部分原因是铁摄入不足。我也见过大腹便便的健壮男子,他们是心脏病高风险人群。

西非是全世界营养不良率最高的地区之一。这里有营养不良最显而易见的“面孔”:大约9%的五岁以下西非儿童瘦骨嶙峋,体重与身高不成比例。在最严重的情况中,瘦可能是致命的。

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