Возвращение ООН к принципам демократии

Война в Ираке жестко поставила перед человечеством вопрос мирового устройства и, в частности, вопрос роли ООН в современном мире. Многие считают роль Организации Объединенных Наций, как гаранта международного права и законности, само собой разумеющейся и утверждают сегодня, что подорванное вторжением в Ирак положение ООН должно быть восстановлено в кратчайшие сроки, чтобы в мире восторжествовали власть закона и правопорядок.

Однако чтобы стать главным гарантом законности и эффективным рычагом в деле ее соблюдения, ООН должна быть преобразована в организацию, способную функционировать независимо и стабильно без бесконечных задержек, вето, нерешительности и нежелания добиваться выполнения своих решений.

Организация Объединенных Наций была создана как сообщество государств, поставивших перед собой цель защищать и способствовать распространению ценностей, лежавших в основе борьбы против нацизма и фашизма. В самом начале своего существования, когда организация насчитывала всего 50 членов, она была скорее привилегированным клубом государств. Действительно, в 53-й статье Хартии ООН страны, относившиеся к оси фашизма, назывались «вражескими государствами», так что Италии пришлось ждать до 1955, Японии до 1956, а Германии до 1973 года, чтобы вступить в ООН.

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