Paul Lachine

Поиски выхода из климатического тупика

НЬЮ-ЙОРК. Все знаки говорят о том, что планета безудержно скатывается в климатическую катастрофу. Американская национальная океанографическая и метеорологическая администрация выпустила свой «Отчёт о состоянии климата» за период с января по май. Первые пять месяцев этого года были самыми тёплыми за всю историю наблюдений с 1880 года. Май был жарким как никогда ранее. Сильнейшая жара накрывает сегодня многие части света. А мы всё ещё бездействуем.

На то есть несколько причин, и нам следует понять их, чтобы выйти из сложившегося тупика. Во-первых, экономические трудности контроля за изменениями климата, вызванными деятельностью человека, действительно сложны. Причиной изменения климата, вызванного деятельностью человека, являются два основных источника выделения парниковых газов (в основном, углекислого газа, метана и закиси азота): использование ископаемого топлива в энергетике и сельское хозяйство (включая вырубку лесов для создания новых сельхозугодий и пастбищ).

Изменение систем мировой энергетики и сельского хозяйства сейчас крайне важно. Недостаточно просто размахивать руками и кричать, что изменение климата – это критическая ситуация. Нам нужна практическая стратегия перестройки двух экономических секторов, стоящих в центре глобальной экономики и затрагивающих всё человечество.

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