Stratégie de succession et réorientation de la politique étrangère saoudienne

LONDRES – Depuis qu'en 1932 le clan des Al Saud a fondé le royaume qui porte leur nom, intrigues et complexités de la politique royale façonnent l'exercice du pouvoir en Arabie saoudite. Mais jamais auparavant les luttes internes n'ont eu des conséquences aussi importantes pour la région et au-delà.

La famille Al Saud, la plus grande famille régnante actuellement, comporte aujourd'hui quelques 22 000 personnes, autrement dit les rivalités en son sein sont féroces. Cette dynamique a été entamée par le fondateur du royaume, Abdel Aziz Al Saud, quand il a voulu assurer une position à la tête du royaume à chacun de ses 43 fils, et elle se prolonge aujourd'hui avec la stratégie mise en œuvre pour la succession du roi Abdallah.

Le rang des princes saoudiens dépend de la tribu de leur mère et de leur alliance avec les autres membres masculins de la famille royale. Dès le début, les luttes pour le pouvoir se déroulaient entre coalitions de fratries, la plus connue étant celle des "Sept Sudeiri", les fils d'Abdel Aziz et de sa femme, Hussa Al Sudeiri. En 1975, après l'assassinat du roi Fayçal par son neveu, la branche Sudeiri est devenue la faction dominante. Fahd, l'aîné des frères Sudeiri, a régné pendant 23 ans, le plus long règne d'un roi saoudien.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/TSdLh2E/fr;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now