Data a rozvoj

WASHINGTON, DC – Od přelomu století stojí mezinárodní rozvojová komunita sešikována za Rozvojovými cíli tisíciletí (RCT), které stanovují konkrétní mety v osmi klíčových okruzích, včetně chudoby, dětské úmrtnosti a nemocnosti, jichž má být dosaženo do roku 2015. Při formulaci rozvojové agendy pro období po roce 2015 má zásadní význam zjistit úspěšnost RCT – a určit oblasti, kde pokrok pokulhával. A k tomu je zapotřebí víc dat – a kvalitnějších.

Ovšemže mezinárodní instituce a mnohé rozvojové země významně investovaly do zlepšení sběru dat, aby důkladněji sledovaly svou výkonnost vzhledem k metám RCT. V roce 2003 měly dva datové body pro alespoň 16 z 22 hlavních indikátorů RCT jen čtyři země; do minulého roku toto číslo vyletělo na 118 zemí.

V rozvojovém světě přesto zůstávají rozvojová data vzácným zdrojem. Vzhledem k jejich významu pro měření – a popohánění – společenského a hospodářského pokroku je tento nedostatek nutné naléhavě řešit. Potřebujeme určitý katalyzátor, který rozšíří sběr a využití rozvojových dat. Panel na vysoké úrovni pro rozvojovou agendu tudíž právem vyzývá ke globální „datové revoluci“.

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