Medir o crescimento inclusivo

WASHINGTON, DC –Quando o prazo dos Objectivos de Desenvolvimento do Milénio (ODM) expirar no próximo ano, o mundo será capaz de apontar várias conquistas importantes desde o seu lançamento em 2000. A pobreza extrema foi reduzida a metade durante este período; estima-se que 100 milhões de moradores de bairros de lata passaram a ter acesso à água potável, e milhões a cuidados de saúde; e um grande número de raparigas está agora a receber educação. Mas um número considerável de empresas inacabadas e discrepâncias significativas no desempenho permanecem.

A agenda de desenvolvimento pós-2015 vai continuar onde os ODM pararam, ao mesmo tempo que adiciona novos objectivos respeitantes à inclusão, sustentabilidade, empregos, crescimento e governação. O sucesso dos próximos Objectivos de Desenvolvimento Sustentável (ODS) dependerá de como os novos programas são desenvolvidos, implementados e medidos.

O forte crescimento económico permite às pessoas melhorarem as suas vidas e cria espaço para novas ideias prosperarem. Mas tal crescimento é muitas vezes acompanhado pela degradação ambiental, a qual diminui a saúde humana e a qualidade de vida, ameaça o abastecimento de água e compromete os ecossistemas, impedindo o crescimento das gerações futuras. Além disso, o crescimento a curto prazo que corrói o capital natural é vulnerável a ciclos de expansão e retracção e pode fazer com que as pessoas que vivem perto da linha de pobreza fiquem muito abaixo dela.

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