测量包容性增长

华盛顿—千年发展目标(Millennium Development Goals)即将在明年到期,届时人们将能够指出该计划自2000年实行后所实现的重要成就。在此期间,极端贫困减少了一半;大约1亿贫民窟居民获得了安全的饮用水,数百万人获得了医疗;大量女孩能够接受教育。但仍有大量未竟的事业等着我们去完成,各条战线的表现也存在巨大差异。

千年发展目标在2015年到期后,发展日程仍将继续,新增与包容性、可持续性、就业、增长和治理有关的目标。即将实行的可持续发展目标(Sustainable Development Goals)取决于新项目如何开发、实施和测量。

强劲的经济增长让人们得以改善生活,为新思想创造茁壮成长的空间。但这样的增长往往伴随着环境破坏,从而降低人类健康和生活质量,威胁水供应,破坏生态系统,阻碍子孙后代的增长。此外,破坏自然资本的短期增长极易陷入枯荣循环,导致生活在贫困线附近的人口陷入赤贫。

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