magna carta T_Marjorie/Flickr

大宪章800年

普林斯顿—飞离伦敦西斯罗机场(Heathrow Airport)时,你可能会飞越一片叫做兰尼米德(Runnymede)的草地。八百年前的这个月,这片草地色彩斑斓,遍布着男爵和骑士的帐篷,更有规模更大的英格兰约翰王(King John)的王帐,看上去像是飘荡着王旗的马戏团。

这次集会看上去像是游园,但气氛无疑是紧张的。集会的目的是调和反叛贵族和国王之间的冲突,用当时人的话说,国王“恶贯满盈”。

约翰王想要筹集资金夺回在法国失去的土地,他的筹资金额超过了贵族从先人手中继承的常规税费规模。国王没收富裕贵族和商人的地产,有时连人一起劫持,要求巨额赎金。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

To access our archive, please log in or register now and read two articles from our archive every month for free. For unlimited access to our archive, as well as to the unrivaled analysis of PS On Point, subscribe now.

required

By proceeding, you agree to our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy, which describes the personal data we collect and how we use it.

Log in

http://prosyn.org/ASE6Oim/zh;

Cookies and Privacy

We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. To find out more, read our updated cookie policy and privacy policy.