magna carta T_Marjorie/Flickr

800 عام على الماجنا كارتنا

برينستون- ان من الممكن لو سافرت من مطار هيثرو في لندن ان تطير فوق حقل عشبي يدعى رونيميد علما انه في هذا الشهر قبل 800 عام كان هناك مشهد تتخلله الالوان حيث كانت هناك خيام البارونات والفرسان والخيمة الاكبر لملك انجلترا جون والتي تبدو كخيمة السيرك الكبيرة والعلم الملكي يحلق عاليا .

بالرغم من الطابع الاحتفالي لهذا التجمع والابهة المحيطة به كانت الاجواء بالتأكيد متوترة فالهدف كان تسوية النزاع بين البارونات الثائرون وملكهم وهو حاكم وصفه احد معاصريه بأنه " مليء بالصفات السيئة".

ان جهود جون لجمع الاموال من اجل استعادة الاراضي المفقودة في فرنسا تجاوزت الضرائب والرسوم والتي كان النبلاء يقبلوها من الملوك السابقين فلقد كان الملك جون يستولي على الملكيات واحيانا يعتقل اللوردات والتجار الاغنياء ولا يفرج عنهم الا بعد دفع مبالغ باهظه.

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