emmanuel macron Sylvain Levefre/Getty Images

Миссия Макрона

ПРИНСТОН – Успех центриста Эммануэля Макрона в первом туре президентских выборов во Франции, по-видимому, придаст Европе новых сил. В отличие от остальных кандидатов Макрон не просто признаёт необходимость радикальных перемен в Евросоюзе; он выступает за реализацию таких перемен путём укрепления общеевропейского сотрудничества. Но преимущество Макрона по числу поданных за него голосов оказалось небольшим, намного больше французских избирателей продемонстрировали поддержку совершенно иных политических взглядов.

Речь идёт об идеях ностальгии и изоляции, с которыми выступает соперник Макрона во втором туре – Марин Ле Пен из ультраправого Национального фронта. Её лозунг – “on est chez nous” («мы у себя дома») – подчёркивает её акцент на изоляции Франции в национальном коконе, защищающем от «дикой глобализации».

Но Ле Пен выступала с подобными идеями не одна. Занявший четвёртое место, ультралевый кандидат Жан-Люк Меланшон тоже выстроил свою кампанию на упрощённом экономическом популизме. Например, как и Ле Пен, он пообещал радикально снизить пенсионный возраст, не объясняя, как можно профинансировать подобное решение.

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