Лула в тени Чавеса

Многие на Уолл-стрит, в Госдепартаменте США и МВФ, по-видимому, считают, что призраки Че Гевара и легионов бородатых командантес с банданами на головах по-прежнему обитают в Латинской Америке. И не без причины: придерживающиеся левых взглядов военные в последнее время снова стали пользоваться здесь популярностью. Однако еще один призрак не покидает этот континент - экономическое неведение относительно стран Латинской Америки в Западных столицах.

Новый президент Бразилии Луис Игнасио Лула да Сильва был выбран при таких же больших ожиданиях со стороны избирателей, как и те, что три года назад проложили путь к власти в Венесуэле бывшему десантнику, возглавившему государственный переворот в стране, Уго Чавесу. Однако было бы неразумно изображать президента Лула как опасного популиста только потому, что основа его политической популярности напоминает основу популярности своевольного и неуправляемого Чавеса.

Сторонники президента Лула из числа беднейших представителей населения страны, несомненно, ожидают от него превращения Бразилии из общества с самой большой в мире дифференциацией доходов и уровня жизни в современную социальную демократию. Сторонники президента из рядов среднего класса не менее страстно желают повышения собственного уровня жизни. Однако, несмотря на эти ожидания, маловероятно, что Лула предпримет что-либо похожее на развязанную Чавесом хаотичную «боливарскую революцию».

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