Shale crude oil pipeline Paul Edmondson/ZumaPress

Nový normál pro ropu

LAGUNA BEACH – Ceny ropy opět míří dolů – barel americké surové ropy nedávno klesl pod hranici 42 dolarů, což je nejnižší úroveň od března 2009, kdy vrcholila globální finanční krize. A zatímco loňský prudký pokles ceny značně ovlivnily dva velké nabídkové šoky, nynější zlevnění obsahuje také důležitý poptávkový rozměr.

Ropné trhy zároveň zjišťují, jaké to je fungovat v režimu nového systémově významného producenta: Spojených států. V důsledku toho je dnes proces cenotvorby mnohem nepružnější a obsahuje podstatně delší prodlevy.

Dynamika energetických trhů se výrazně změnila v letech 2013-2014, kdy těžba břidlicové ropy vzrostla na úroveň schopnou ovlivňovat trh. V situaci, kdy globální poptávku po energii více pokrýval tento nový zdroj, zejména v USA, přestali být uživatelé tolik závislí na OPEC a dalších producentech ropy. Současně s tím začali být méně zranitelní vůči geopolitickým zájmům.

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