Взгляните на восток для спасения европейского социального рынка

По мере того, как приближается момент расширения Европейского Союза, многие европейцы видят в нем только негативные последствия: массы экономических мигрантов и бедные страны, требующие субсидий. Но новые восточные члены Европы также могут быть сигнальным огнем для Союза, как предполагает Жак Рупник.

Часто идут споры о том, что социально-экономическая модель Континентальной Европы, которая стремится объединить конкурентоспособность с солидарностью, является клеем, связывающим Европейский союз, а так же отличающим Европу от американской (или англосаксонской) модели свободного рынка. Ясно, что ответом Европы на глобализацию является то, что определенные сферы социальной жизни - скажем, здравоохранение, образование, окружающую среду или культуру - нельзя оставлять капризам рынка.

Со стороны кажется, что устойчивая интеграция Европы проходила параллельно с развитием государства всеобщего благосостояния. Но это вводит в заблуждение: европейская социальная модель является, в действительности, неотъемлемой частью идентичности стран - членов ЕС в большей степени, чем самого ЕС.

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