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I limiti della crescita green

BERLINO – Negli ultimi anni ha ripreso forza la voglia di costruire una “green economy” in grado di salvare il mondo dalle continue crisi economiche ed ambientali e passare a una nuova era di crescita sostenibile. Ma lo slancio nasconde una nuova era di controversie inaspettate, dove molti preannunciano situazioni simili allo status quo semplicemente passando una mano di vernice verde. Riconciliare gli imperativi ambientali ed economici sarà più difficile di quanto pensiamo?

In una parola, sì. La percezione diffusa è che l’economia green ci consentirà di liberarci dalla nostra dipendenza dai combustibili fossili, senza sacrificare la crescita. Molti sostengono che la transizione verso una green economy possa persino rilanciare una nuova crescita. Per quanto allettante possa essere questa idea, non è realistica, come dimostriamo nel nostro ultimi libro dal titolo Inside the Green Economy.

Certo, è possibile che un’economia realmente “green” abbia successo. Ma il modello che prevale oggi si focalizza su soluzioni rapide e semplici. Inoltre, riafferma la primazia dell’economia, così non riconoscendo la profondità della trasformazione richiesta.

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