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Grenzen aan de groene groei

BERLIJN – De afgelopen jaren heeft de beweging om een ‘groene economie’ op te bouwen die de wereld weg kan sturen van constante milieu- en economische crises, en een nieuw tijdperk van duurzame groei kan bewerkstelligen, steeds meer momentum gekregen. Maar deze beweging is bron van onverwachte controverse, waarbij velen weinig meer dan business as usual met een laag groene verf voorspellen. Zal het verzoenen van milieu- en economische imperatieven moeilijker blijken dan gedacht?

Het antwoord is ja. De populaire perceptie is dat de groene economie ons in staat zal stellen ons te bevrijden van de afhankelijkheid van fossiele brandstoffen, zonder opoffering van groei. Velen betogen dat de verschuiving naar een groene economie zelfs nieuwe groei kan aandrijven. Maar hoe aantrekkelijk dit idee ook is, het is niet realistisch, zoals we in ons nieuwe boek Inside the Green Economy laten zien.

Zeker, het is mogelijk dat een echt ‘groene’ economie welvarend zal zijn. Maar het model dat vandaag de boventoon voert concentreert zich op snelle en makkelijke oplossingen. Bovendien herbekrachtigt het het primaat van de economie, en slaagt er daarmee niet in de diepte van de benodigde transitie te erkennen.

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