Настоящая сделка в Лиме

ЛИМА – Это было соглашение, которого все хотели, но которое никому не нравилось. Проходящая в этом году Конференция по изменению климата Организации Объединенных Наций в Лиме (Перу) наконец пришла к окончательному решению ранним утром воскресенья, более чем через 24 часа после своего запланированного закрытия и ожесточенных споров последних дней. Переговорщики из 196 стран достигли компромисса, который направит мир к новому глобальному климатическому соглашению в следующем году в Париже; при этом почти все они остались недовольны тем или иным условием.

Однако многие критики этого соглашения упускают главное. Соглашение в Лиме является слабым во многих отношениях. Однако оно также представляет собой фундаментальный прорыв в формировании всеобъемлющего глобального климатического режима.

Конференция в Лиме преследовала две цели. Первой было принятие набросков текста Парижского договора 2015 года. Эта цель была достигнута ‑ однако только путем создания огромного 37-страничного документа, содержащего все возможные варианты, которые страны, возможно, захотят увидеть в договоре следующего года. Делегаты не пытались договориться между различными вариантами, слишком близко воспринимая старый принцип «Зачем сегодня делать то, что можно отложить на завтра?»

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