Paul Lachine

照亮黑暗之洲

内罗毕—19世纪的欧洲探险家将非洲称为“黑暗之洲”,因为对他们来说,这是一篇广袤而未知的土地。如今,非洲仍然是一片黑暗,但此黑暗非彼黑暗:非洲缺电。事实上,夜间卫星影像显示,除了南部和北部之外,整个非洲一片黑暗,只有零星几点亮光。

联合国已将2012年定为国际可持续能源年(International Year of Sustainable Energy for All)。正是宣布的仪式将于2月中旬在非洲举行,此举不会“点亮”非洲,但有助于开启全球朝这个方向的努力,从而改善千百万人民的生活。

此前,人们已开始帮助非洲发电,在这方面做了诸多努力。但这一回有所不同。许多国家已开始测试将能源引入农村和成长城市所需要的技术和政策。创新性投资机制和可再生能源技术(如风力、高级生物燃料和太阳能)大大下降的制造和安装成本对于解放非洲的潜能来说是必不可少的。

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