¿Una luz en la oscuridad del Congo?

NUEVA YORK – Tal vez ningún otro país del mundo –ni siquiera Iraq, Afganistán o Sudán—ha sufrido tanto por los conflictos armados durante los últimos quince años como la República Democrática del Congo. Varios millones de personas han muerto directamente en la lucha armada o por los desplazamientos forzosos y las consecuencias sobre la salud resultantes.

Las principales causas del conflicto que ha aquejado a la RDC durante tanto tiempo son la competencia por el control de los vastos recursos naturales de ese país empobrecido y los esfuerzos de su vecino, Rwanda, para eliminar lo que considera una amenaza potencial planteada por algunos de los responsables del genocidio de 1994 que se refugiaron ahí. Varios otros Estados africanos – Angola, Namibia, Uganda y Zimbabwe – también han participado en ocasiones en los combates dentro de la RDC, ya sea directamente o mediante milicias. Continúa el sufrimiento, que se manifiesta en la epidemia de violencia sexual que se ha apoderado del país, cometida en su mayor parte por excombatientes, incluso en zonas donde se ha restablecido la paz.

En medio de estas sombrías circunstancias, un acontecimiento reciente ha proporcionado un rayo de esperanza poco habitual: la extraordinaria movilización del pueblo congoleño en defensa de las nacientes instituciones democráticas del país. No menos de 210 organizaciones no gubernamentales congoleñas, incluyendo las que gozan del mayor reconocimiento y respeto en todo el país, se unieron recientemente para desafiar el intento del presidente Joseph Kabila de hacerse del control de la Asamblea Nacional (la cámara baja del Parlamento) que entró en funciones tras las históricas elecciones de 2006.

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