Конго: долгожданный просвет?

НЬЮ-ЙОРК – Возможно, ни одна страна на свете – даже Ирак, Афганистан, или Судан – не пострадала от вооружённого конфликта за последние пятнадцать лет в такой степени, как Демократическая Республика Конго. Жертвами этого конфликта стали несколько миллионов человек, погибших в сражениях или в результате последствий вынужденного переселения, оказавшихся губительным для их здоровья.

Конфликт, причинивший столь длительные страдания в ДРК, в основном является результатом соперничества за контроль над обширными природными ресурсами этой нищей страны, а также усилий соседней Руанды по истреблению потенциальную угрозу со стороны зачинщиков геноцида 1994 года, укрывшихся на территории Конго. Другие африканские государства – Ангола, Намибия, Уганда и Зимбабве – также время от времени либо принимали непосредственное участие в вооружённых столкновениях на территории Конго, либо нанимали посреднические отряды боевиков. Страдание не прекращается даже в тех частях страны, где был восстановлен мир, благодаря охватившей страну эпидемии сексуального насилия, за большую часть которого ответственны бывшие участники боевых действий.     

В этих трагических обстоятельствах, недавнее развитие событий – необычайная мобилизация гражданского сообщества Конго в защиту зарождающихся демократических организаций страны – послужило поводом для редкого проблеска надежды. Не менее 210 неправительственных организаций Конго, включая те, которые пользуются наибольшими известностью и уважением в стране, недавно объединились в совместном протесте против попытки президента Джозефа Кабилы взять под контроль Национальную ассамблею (нижнюю палату парламента), действующую с момента исторических выборов 2006 года.       

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