Matt Wuerker

Жизнь на заказ

МЕЛЬБУРН. В XVI веке алхимик Парацельс предложил рецепт создания живого существа, начало которого предусматривало введение семенной жидкости в разлагающуюся «venter equinus» («брюшную полость лошади»). Обычно это переводится как «конский навоз», но «venter» с латыни переводится как «брюшная полость» или «матка».

Так что оккультистов теперь, наверное, порадует тот факт, что Крейг Вентер был движущей силой группы учёных, заявивших в прошлом месяце о том, что они создали синтетическую форму жизни: бактерию с геномом, разработанным и созданным из химических веществ в лаборатории.

Новая бактерия, прозванная «Синтией», реплицировала и воспроизводила белок. Согласно любым разумным определениям, она живая. Хотя она и сильно похожа на природную бактерию, с которой она была, во многом, скопирована, создатели вставили в её геном отличительные нити ДНК для подтверждения того, что это не природный объект. В данных нитях в кодированном виде заложен адрес веб-сайта, имена исследователей и уместные цитаты, такие как цитата известного американского физика Ричарда Файнмана «Я не понимаю того, что не могу построить».

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