Россия, Америка и «Оскар»

НЬЮ-ЙОРК – Премии «Оскар» вручены. Ни российский «Левиафан», номинированный в категории «Лучший фильм на иностранном языке», ни «Американский снайпер», номинированный в категории «Лучший фильм», не выиграли. Тем не менее, обе ленты в некотором смысле являются наиболее символичными фильмами года, поскольку обе уловили суть причин, по которым Россия и Соединенные Штаты, похоже, обречены сейчас развязать новую Холодную войну.

После вторжения России в Украину вокруг «Левиафана» развернулась ожесточенная битва мнений. Но показанная в фильме мрачная картина жизни современной России на самом деле подтверждает многие доводы, заставлявшие американцев сильно сомневаться в способности России реформироваться после краха коммунизма.

Эти сомнения нашли отражение в массовой культуре. После 1991 года Голливуд задокументировал недоверие американцев к постсоветской России в целой серии фильмов, например, «Святой», «Самолет президента», «Золотой компас», «Солт», «Человек ноября». Грубая внешняя политика российского президента Владимира Путина доказал правоту этих русофобов, поэтому номинация «Левиафана», великолепно проведенной биопсии режима Путина, представляется очень верной.

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