Dopis z Palestiny

Jsou Izraelci a Palestinci skutečně připraveni dospět k mírové dohodě? V posledních měsících se události rozhodně vyvíjejí svižným tempem, přičemž se zdá, že překážky uzavření trvalé dohody jedna za druhou padají. Po smrti Jásira Arafata následovalo zvolení jeho nástupce v přímých volbách s univerzálním hlasovacím právem, které doprovázelo rozhodnutí Izraele – na světě ojedinělé – nebránit, nýbrž pomáhat demokratickému procesu na územích, která okupuje. V důsledku toho nikdo nepochybuje o legitimitě palestinského prezidenta Mahmúda Abbáse.

Díky oznámení izraelského premiéra Ariela Šarona, že má v úmyslu jednostranně stáhnout izraelskou armádu z Gazy, se navíc znovu stává otevřenou otázkou i samotná okupace, což nabízí příležitosti k dalšímu pokroku. Podpora stažení z Gazy ze strany egyptského prezidenta Husního Mubaraka rozhodně pomohla otevřít dveře skutečným vyjednáváním.

Tak působivý sled událostí je v tomto problémovém regionu dlouho nevídaný. V důsledku toho mnozí lidé – na Blízkém východě i mimo něj – znovu začali být optimisty. Dokonce i Šaron se odvažuje přičinit několik příznivých poznámek a američtí diplomaté vyjadřují viditelnou úlevu, že lze konečně dosáhnout pokroku směrem k míru.

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