Бразды правления – развивающимся странам

КЕМБРИДЖ – Ситуация текущего кризиса имеет свои положительные стороны для развивающихся стран, поскольку, выйдя из него, они будут пользоваться гораздо большим авторитетом в организациях, осуществляющих регулирование экономической глобализации. Когда пыль осядет, Китай, Индия, Бразилия и горстка других стран «третьего мира» станут способны оказывать большее влияние на процесс управления многосторонними экономическими организациями, и окажутся в более выгодной позиции для того, чтобы добиваться реформ, отражающих их интересы.    

Для этого существует две взаимосвязанные причины. Во-первых, финансовый кризис ослабил Соединённые Штаты и Европу. У них не будет стимула или способности обеспечить такой тип руководства, на котором держался принцип международных отношений в течение десятилетий после Второй Мировой войны. Заполнить этот пробел придётся развивающимся странам.

Во-вторых, относительный вес и влияние развивающихся стран в мировой экономике к тому времени ещё больше увеличится. Многие лидирующие финансовые организации запада – те, которые не были национализированы – а также некоторые важные промышленные предприятия, останутся во власти                                               капитала из Китая или стран Персидского залива. Что касается торговли, текущий раунд глобальных переговоров продемонстрировал, что ради сотрудничества развивающихся стран, развитым странам придётся позволить им устанавливать правила.        

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