北欧国家经验谈

如果全世界多花些时间来调查什么实际有用什么没用的话,经济争论就会越来越少。几乎各地都在对如何将市场力量与社会安全结合起来进行激烈争论。左派要求加强社会保护,右派却认为,这样会破坏经济发展,增大财政赤字。

但是,在研究丹麦、芬兰、冰岛、荷兰、挪威和瑞典的经济成功后,讨论可能会进一步深入。虽然区域经验不能直接转让,但北欧国家确已成功地将高收入水平的社会福利、稳固的经济增长和宏观经济稳定结合起来。它们还实现了高标准的管理。

诚然,北欧国家之间也存在差别,丹麦、荷兰、挪威和瑞典消费水平较高,而芬兰和冰岛相对较低。然而,美国国家税收大约占国民生产总值的20%, 北欧国家的这一比率却超过了30%。

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