Уроки бюджетного безрассудства США

Экономическая политика Джорджа Буша стала самой пагубной за историю США, превзойдя в этом даже курс его наставника Рональда Рейгана. Всего за три года он разрушил хрупкий политический механизм, который создавался десятилетие и потребует столько же для его воссоздания. Буш поставил под угрозу долгосрочную экономическую и социальную стабильность в Америке. Долгосрочные проблемы бюджета, с которыми так плохо справляются США, не уникальны, а потому могут стать важным уроком и для других стран.

Главная проблема c бюджетом заключается в том, что политики легко поднимают свои рейтинги, снижая налоги и увеличивая социальные расходы, залезая при этом в долги, возврат которых оставляют на будущее. Трюк будет действовать несколько лет, но скорее раньше, чем позже, дефицит бюджета и рост долгов приведут к болезненному откату. Только к моменту наступления кризиса циничный политик может купить себе перевыборы или, возможно, уйти в отставку.

Кому-то покажется, будто сотни случаев бюджетной безответственности, имевших место по всему миру за последнее время, вызовут у избирателей аллергию на подобные вещи. Но Буш их повторяет, покупая успех сегодня в обмен на раздачу налоговых льгот при одновременном увеличении расходов на оборону и даже ассигнований на образование и медицину. Результат - бюджетный дефицит в 5% ВВП.

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